Sewing Machine

What is Sewing Machine?

A sewing machine is a machine used to sew fabric and other materials together with thread. Sewing machines were invented during the first Industrial Machine Revolution to decrease the amount of manual sewing work performed in clothing companies. Since the invention of the first working sewing machine. Generally considered to have been the work of Englishman Thomas Saint in 1790, the sewing machine has greatly improved the efficiency and productivity of the clothing industry.

Home sewing machines has designed for one person to sew individual items while using a single stitch type. Therefore, In a modern sewing machine, the fabric easily glides in and out of the machine without the inconvenience of needles and thimbles and other such tools used in hand sewing, automating the process of stitching and saving time.

Sewing Machine

A sewing machine is, obviously enough, “a machine that sews,” but if you think about those words literally, it can help you figure out how it works. Let’s say we had a big construction set with standard, snap-together, engineering components in it; which bits would we need to make a sewing machine? The answer is surprisingly few.

Although you can still find the odd hand-powered sewing machine (and you can operate any machine slowly by hand if you want to for slow, precision work), virtually all modern sewing machines are electric. They’re built around quite hefty electric motors (roughly the same size as the ones you find in vacuum cleaners and lawn mowers). Pushing a tiny little needle up and down through multiple layers of thick fabric is hard to work, and lifting and feeding the fabric takes effort as well. If you’ve ever seen something like a pair of curtains, you’ll know it can be quite exhausting turning and moving the fabric, but a sewing machine helps you do that job as well.

Types of Sewing Machine Available in India

Mechanical/Domestic Sewing Machines


These machines are best suitable for beginners who want to learn sewing from basics. These are simple “silai machine” (sewing machine) with very few features, inexpensive and also easily repairable. These sewing machines have affordable prices when compared with computerized and electronic sewing machines. Looking into its features – it has a built-in presser foot, adjustable stitch length, bottom loading Bobbin, adjustable Tension, single (straight and reverse) stitch.

Electronic Sewing Machine

Electronic Sewing Machine

Electronic sewing machines have more features than a mechanical sewing machine. These sewing machines are the combination of a mechanical sewing machine and computerized sewing machine. Basically, at present, we Indians are getting crazy about DIY (Do It Yourself) and these electronic sewing machines are very useful for DIY -decorative crafting. These machines are for expertise sewing. And sewing professionals can effortlessly use these machines.

Computerized Sewing Machines

Computerized Sewing Machines

Computerized Sewing Machines have high technology sewing machines which can be connected to the internet, computer or design loaded cards. These machines are best suitable for industrial purpose. These sewing machines have inbuilt stitches capacity of a minimum of 50 and a maximum of 200. Computerized sewing machines are big size machines with multiple needles and multiple spool spinners for a different colour of thread spools for embroidering, sewing, quilting, smocking and many more crafting.

Embroidery sewing machines

Embroidery sewing machines

Embroidery machines are meant for designing different patterns of embroidery on the fabric. Mostly electronic sewing machines used for embroidering. An embroidering presser foot attached to the machine. Beginners better choose a zigzag machine for basic embroidering. Whereas professional or skilled level people choose electronic sewing machine model which have embroidering feature with varieties of patterns. Varieties of computerized embroidering machines are available for industrial purpose.

Overlocker Sewing Machine or Serger

Overlocker Sewing Machine or Serger

Overlock Sewing Machines has also known as Sergers. In India we call these machines as overlocks sewing machines. In simple words these machines are for joining or sewing the edges of the fabric together. These machines has beeen used by professionals or tailors, generally to give the finishing look for the garments. Overlocker has an inbuilt cutter, a blade to cut the uneven edges of the fabric while edging the garment or textile.

How does a sewing machine works ?

These three mechanisms are carefully coordinated so the machine can make perfect, equal-sized stitches, which is what this simple animation shows. Here, we’re looking side-on at the machine. The top thread (sometimes called the needle thread) is coloured red and pokes through the eye of the needle (black), while the bottom thread is yellow and feeds from the bobbin(the yellow circle). The pieces of material we’re sewing together are two different shades of blue. As you can see, the bobbin sits inside a rotating orange case (the shuttle) with a hook extending from it.

Step by step, here’s how the stitches form:

  1. The needle starts off high and moves down toward the fabric. Although it’s not yet obvious, what it’s doing at this point is feeding a length of the red thread through the material to form the next stitch.
  2. The needle punctures the material, taking the red thread with it. Notice how the shuttle (under the fabric you’re sewing) is rotating and the hook on the end (the orange line extending upward in frame 2) is approaching the needle thread.
  3. Needle starts to rise up again but it leaves behind a loop of the red thread, which is the beginning of the next stitch. The shuttle hook now passes through this loop and catches on it.
  4. The needle keeps on rising but the main action is happening down under the material, where the shuttle hook drags the red loop right around so that it locks around the bobbin thread.
  5. The needle, pulling upwards, tightens the red thread and pulls it back up off the shuttle hook.
  6. Needle, still pulling upwards, pulls the stitch tight. The red and yellow threads has properly locked together. And we’re ready for the process to repeat to make the next stitch.

Our Branding Partners Are...

Juki Sewing Machine

Juki HZL-DX7

Juki HZL-DX7

Juki HZL-F600

Juki HZL-F600


DDL-8700 Juki

JUKI TL-2000Qi

Juki TL-2000Qi

Jack Sewing Machine

Jack F4 sewing machine

Jack F4

JACK Lockstitch JK-5870D

Lockstitch JK-5870D Jack

Jack Overlock JK-900E

Jack Overlock JK-900E


Jack A5-W

Usha Sewing Machine

Usha janome dream stitch Zig Zag Sewing Machine

 Janome Dream Stitch Zig Zag Usha Sewing Machine


Usha Industrial Machine


Usha Memory Craft 11000 Embroidery Sewing Machine


 Umang Straight Stitch  Usha Sewing Machine

A brief history of the sewing machine

Way back a long, people would gather in close circles in their homes and sew garments with their hands. Their work illuminated only by flickering candlelight. They darned socks made christening gowns from scratch, sewed buttonholes, embroidered beautiful designs onto the edges of collars and onto the pockets of aprons. The construction of clothing had been changed forever. And so had the lives of the housewives, children and servants who had been depended upon to create the bulk of a family’s essential wardrobe items.

There is something astonishing, even magical about sewing with your hands. Most tools of the trade are tiny but effective. Little thimbles that fit over the fatty parts of your fingers to keep them from bleeding. Needle eyes and points of various sizes and widths, each combination made for sliding easily in and out of a specific type of material. Thin ribbons of thread that you double knot at the end and pull through a tiny ball of wax to keep it smooth. And free of twists when it travels through the surface of your cloth.

Comments (2)

  1. Shruti

    May 30, 2019

    What is the difference between lock-stitch domestic sewing machine and the high-speed lock-stitch sewing machine?

    • kola

      May 30, 2019

      Hello Shruti,
      Thank you for visiting our JJ Sewing Machine Website.
      Industrial machines is made to do one stitch/operation and do it very well at a higher rate of speed than domestic machines. So – a commercial workplace might have a buttonhole machine, a twin needle hemming machine, a lockstitch machine (or several), and possibly one that will make a stretch stitch, depending on what is being made at that location.
      Each machine will probably have one person doing one step over & over at a high rate of speed, then passing the garments to someone else to do the next step, until the garment(s) have run through all the steps and machines needed to finish them. No changes are made to the settings of the machines during the process because the machine is not built to have the settings changed, it is set to do whatever is needed for that step and only what is needed to do that step – and to do it fast.
      Furthermore information please contact us:
      Contact No- 96181 18222

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